In compliance with Article 2 of the Federal Law of January 17, 1992 No. 2202-1 “On Prosecutor’s Service of the Russian Federation”, the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation, within its competence, directly communicates with the relevant foreign authorities and international organization, cooperates with them, concludes agreements on legal assistance and combating crime, participates in elaboration of international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Cooperation with the competent foreign authorities and international bodies and organizations is one of the priorities of the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation.
In particular, the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation take active part in events hosted by the United Nations Organization, Council of Europe, Commonwealth of Independent States, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, BRICS, and international non-governmental organizations (International Association of Prosecutors).
As a part of the Russian delegations, representatives of the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation participate in the sessions and/or working groups activities of various bodies and specialized structures:
- UNO (Commission on Narcotic Drugs, Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and UN Convention against Corruption);
- Council of Europe (European Committee on Crime Problems and its subordinate Committee of Experts on the Operation of European Conventions on Cooperation in Criminal Matters, Consultative Council of European Prosecutors);
- BRICS (anti-corruption and anti-terrorism working groups).
The Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation carries out successful multilateral cooperation within the framework of the Coordination Council of Prosecutors’ General of the CIS Member-States.
Since 1995 the Scientific and Methodological Centre of the Coordination Council of Prosecutors’ General of the CIS Member-States has been operating under the auspices of the University of Prosecutor’s Service of the Russian Federation (formerly – the Academy of the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation). This Centre prepares and disseminates methodological documentation on combating crime on the CIS territory among the prosecutor general’s offices of the CIS Member-States.
Cooperation with the foreign competent authorities is carried out through participation in international events and bilateral meetings.
In compliance with international treaties and the Russian legislation, the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation is the competent authority for extradition and legal assistance in criminal matters, as well as for taking and handing over of mentally disabled persons by the Russian Federation, in relation of which a court has ruled out to take compulsory medical measures.
The following are the main international treaties of the Russian Federation in this sphere:
- The UN convention against Transnational Organized Crime of November 15, 2000 and protocols thereto, namely the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children of November 15, 2000 and the Protocol against Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air of November 15, 2000;
- The European Convention on Extradition of December 13, 1957 and protocols thereto, namely the Additional Protocol of October 15, 1975, the Second Additional Protocol of March 17, 1978 and the Forth Additional Protocol of September 20, 2012;
- The European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters of April 20, 1959 and Additional Protocol thereto of March 17, 1978;
- The Convention on Legal Assistance and Legal Relations in Civil, Family and Criminal Matters of January 22, 1993 with amendments introduced by the Protocol of March 28, 1997;
- The Convention on Transfer of Mentally Disabled Persons for Compulsory Treatment of March 28, 1997.
Moreover, the Russian legislation provides for international cooperation in the absence of international treaties – on reciprocity basis.
The Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation is the actor of international cooperation not only in the sphere of criminal justice (legal assistance in a broad sense), but also in the field of law enforcement (police) assistance, and it is a competent authority on the combating crime cooperation under international treaties and intergovernmental agreements.
Moreover, Article 29.1 of the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Infringements appoints the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation as one of the competent authorities for legal assistance on administrative infringements cases.
By now, the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation has concluded 90 agreements and other arrangements on cooperation with foreign partners from 72 states.
General Department of International Legal Cooperation