14th Session of Prosecutors General of the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Took Place in Sanya
30 november 2016, 12:55
Today, on November 30, 2016, Sanya (People’s Republic of China) hosted the 14th session of Prosecutors General of the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (the SCO). The session was attended by delegations headed by the following Prosecutors General: Cao Jianming (People’s Republic of China), Zhakip Asanov (Republic of Kazakhstan), Indira Joldubaeva (Kyrgyz Republic), and Vladimir Malinovsky (Russian Federation). The Republic of Tajikistan was presented by the Deputy Prosecutor General Vali Vakhobov, the Republic of Uzbekistan was presented by Shukhrat Uzakov. In addition, the summit was attended by the Deputy Secretary General of the SCO Sabyr Imandosov and Director of the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of the SCO Eugeny Sysoev.
The session was attended by Attorneys General of the SCO observer states: the Republic of Belarus – Alexander Konyukov, Mongolia – Magvannorov Enkh-Amgalan, the Islamic Republic of Iran – Montazeri Mohhamad Jafar. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan was represented by the Deputy Attorney General Salman Talibuddin.
The session was dedicated to the role of prosecutors in the fight against terrorism.
Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation Vladimir Malinovsky speaking at the event noted that over the fifteen years of its existence, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, one of the main purposes of creation of which was the unification of efforts in the fight against terrorism, has become an effective factor of ensuring security and stability, countering global challenges.
Mr. Malinovsky stressed that the Russian Federation has recently developed and adopted a number of important legislative acts in order to improve the national legislation. Conceptual provisions in the sphere of combating terrorist and extremist activities are reflected in the strategies of national security and combating extremism approved by the President of the Russian Federation, as well as in the concept of countering terrorism. The Russian Federation developed and adopted laws aimed at the suppression of terrorism with the participation of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation.
Thus, the legislation of the Russian Federation stipulates a criminal liability for training in order to carry out terrorist activities, organizing and participating in a terrorist organization and illegal armed groups outside the country.
The Criminal Code of the Russian Federation was supplemented by new offences, which establish liability for failure to report a crime of a terrorist nature, as well as commission of an act of international terrorism.
In addition, penalties for certain crimes of a terrorist nature were enhanced.
The Russian Federation also adopted a law allowing for restricting access to information resources containing appeals to extremist and terrorist activities at the request of a prosecutor in an extrajudicial procedure.
Mr. Malinovsky stressed that the present stage of combating terrorism has revealed the new terrorist challenges and threats: the merging of terrorism with the general and economic crime, recruitment into terrorist organizations in the places of deprivation of liberty. There has been a very dangerous problem – the return of the terrorists from areas of armed conflict in their countries to participate, particularly, in the recruitment of new members of international terrorist organizations. These issues are taken under special control.
In addition, the Russian Federation banned the activity of 24 organizations due to recognition them as terrorist.
For example, according to the statements of the Prosecutor General’s Office, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation recognized the international organization "Islamic State" (ISIL) and "Jabhat al-Nusra" (Nusra Front) as terrorist. Their activity is prohibited on the territory of the Russian Federation.
In his report, Mr. Malinovsky also drew attention to the fact that the Internet has been the most common means of communication and recruitment of members of terrorist organizations in recent years.
After vesting the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation with the relevant powers, the supervisory authority discontinued access to more than 1300 Internet resources and removed illegal content of 11 000 websites.
Thus, the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation revealed Russian-speaking web-resources, on which there were materials related to the activities of international terrorist organizations: the Islamic State, Jabhat al-Nusra and al-Qaeda, including calls to provide financial assistance to terrorists.
According to the request of the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation, more than 450 Internet pages created to raise funds to support illegal armed groups in Syria have been blocked.
Mr. Malinovsky drew the participants’ attention to the fact that it was extremely important to adopt the UN Comprehensive Convention on Combating International Terrorism with the elaboration of a universally recognized definition.
Under the auspices of the UN, it is expedient to create a global anti-terrorist coalition, universal mechanisms to bring the perpetrators of the preparation and execution of international terrorist acts to criminal liability.
According to the results of the topics discussed at the session, Mr. Malinovsky said that a successful fight against terrorism required a holistic approach. Any anti-terrorist measures must be applied in accordance with international law and the principle of respect for human rights with a progressive realization of the "extradite or prosecute" principle. In this case, the politicization, the practice of double standards and dividing terrorists into "good" and "bad" are unacceptable.
In addition, on the sidelines of the SCO, Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation Vladimir Malinovsky has held working discussions with Cao Jianming (Prosecutor General of the People’s Republic of China), Indira Joldubaeva (Prosecutor General of the Kyrgyz Republic), Montazeri Mohhamad Jafar (Prosecutor General of the Islamic Republic of Iran), as well as with the Director of the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of the SCO Eugeny Sysoev.
Within the framework of the general session, participants discussed the topical issues of the current activities of the organization, as well as identified the main guidelines for further interaction.
The next 15th session of Prosecutors General of the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization will be held in the Russian Federation in 2017.